Site selection has a significant impact on the planning and designing of buildings. Generally, therefore, an architect has to either choose a suitable site or plan his building structure according to the available site.
The natural defects of a site would involve considerable expenditure on the construction and maintenance of the building. Whereas unsatisfactory conditions in the neighborhood will lead to miserable conditions on the one hand and a possible drop in property value on the other.
Therefore the following general factors should be considered while selecting a site for construction.
1. purpose of building
This is the most important factor to consider before buying or choosing a site for residential purpose. The site should be selected taking into account the general scope or purpose of construction and based on the extent or confidentiality required.
2. friendly neighborhood
The site should be located in an area which is already fully developed or which is developing rapidly. In order to secure happy living conditions, preference is usually given to neighborhoods where neighbors are of equal status in society and are social and friendly.
3. facilities available
The plot should be in such a locality where various facilities given below are available.
- Community services such as police and fire protection, garbage cleaning and street cleaning
- Utility services such as water supply, gas, electricity and drainage
- Facilities like school, hospital, library, entertainment, telephone etc.
- shopping facility
- Means of transport
4. government law
A site which falls within the limits of the area where the local authority’s bye-laws impose restrictions with regard to the proportion of plots to be built, spaces to be left in front and sides, height of buildings, etc., to be given priority. needed. ,
5. size and shape
The area of the plot of land should be such that the house, built keeping in mind the restrictions of the local authority, will meet the requirements of the owner, preferably with possibilities of future expansion. The site should not be irregular in shape or have any sharp corners.
6. location of the area
The site should be situated at an elevated position and leveled with equal slopes from one end to the other so that good and quick drainage of rain water can take place.
7. soil type
The ground soil of the site should be good enough to provide economical foundation for the intended building without any causes and problems. Generally, for most satisfactory constructions, the site should have a layer of rock, sand or dense soil with a layer of light clay or even black cotton soil by 60 to 120 cm.
8. natural light and air
The location of the site should be such that it ensures uninterrupted natural light and air.
9. environmental conditions
The site should be available in an area where natural beauty and man-made environment create healthy living and working conditions. The environment is also affected by the nearest factories, kilns etc: so these things also need to be considered.
10. legal and financial aspects
The legal and financial aspects, which depend on the ownership rights and costs, should be given due consideration before the purchase of a plot.
1 1 other factors
A site should be left in unfavorable conditions such as unsanitary, noisy or crowded areas; immediate neighborhood or heavily flooded rivers, poorly maintained drains; submerged or reclaimed soil or waterlogged areas under settlement; Industrial areas with smoke and unpleasant odor.