Clay has been the easiest form of material available for building construction. It has been adopted in different forms for different elements in the house. Clay flooring has been mostly adopted in rural housing because apart from being economical, clay is readily available and flooring is easy to construct and maintain.
Bricks have been the mainstay of building construction in India since the time of Mohenjadaro and Harappa. It has been successfully used for foundations, walls, ceilings, floors, etc. Brick flooring is beneficial in areas where bricks are locally available. These types of flooring are easy to make with the help of local masons and are economical too.
Stones are available in abundance all over the country. Many of these are suitable for providing flooring in residential construction. A stone suitable for this purpose should be strong and able to resist abrasion and impact besides giving a pleasant appearance. Some of the stones used for the construction of the floor are given below.
- Kota Stone
cement concrete floor
Cement concrete flooring is one of the most common types of flooring provided in homes. Apart from being economical as compared to tile, marble and other such flooring types, this type of flooring is quite durable, easy to manufacture and maintain.
Terrazzo Flooring Or Mosaic Flooring
Terrazzo flooring is yet another type of flooring that is commonly used in India. Since this type of flooring gives a pleasing look, it has been extensively provided in living rooms, bedrooms etc.
Traditionally, marble flooring has been provided in religious places, palaces, havelis etc., as it enhances the beauty of the structure. Recently such flooring has also been extensively used in residential buildings. Marble floors are expensive and can be better used for living rooms and bedrooms.
Flooring tiles in India have gained popularity over cement and concrete floors over the years. Tiles are available in various patterns, designs and utility options. They are usually costlier than cement concrete floors and the cost depends on the type of tile being used. The different types of floor tiles are as follows.
- checkered tile
- glazed tile
- vitrified tile
- PVC Tiles
In the mountainous regions of the country where the temperature is quite low, wood flooring is most commonly used. Presently they are also being provided in high end housing floors to give a nice appearance.
Bamboo flooring is commonly used in areas where bamboo is locally available. Although such floors have recently become quite popular due to their aesthetics, being uniquely attractive, strong and flexible, dimensionally stable, moisture and stain resistant and environmentally friendly. It is also said to have better properties than hardwoods.
Linoleum flooring is usually provided on the basis of flooring which is already smooth and plain. It is suitable for interior spaces in a building. Linoleum is a flammable material and should not be used in areas prone to fire etc. It should also not be used in areas that are likely to get damp over time.