There are large varieties of doors and windows which can either be manufactured or are available in the market for ready fixing. Here are some of their types along with their main feature, advantages and disadvantages, based on the material of manufacture to facilitate easy selection for the home owner.

1. Timber / Wooden Doors

wooden door
wooden door

Traditionally, wood or timber as it is popularly known has been the mainstay of the construction of doors/windows. Its main advantage is the local availability of materials and the ease with which it can be made by local carpenters.

There are currently large varieties of wood available in the market and the selection should be made on the basis of longevity qualities and the budget of the homeowner. Although they can be used for all locations in the home, they are best placed for outdoor spaces.

Timber is most commonly used for making doors/windows.

2. batten and ledge doors

batting and led door
batting and led door

Batted and leaded doors are the simplest forms of doors and have been in use for ages. Such doors have vertical wooden battens of about 35 mm thickness to the height of the door which are usually attached by tongue and groove. Usually three edges (horizontal members) are provided, one at the top and bottom and one in the middle.

Batten and leaded doors can be either braided or hinged and framed to provide a rigid and superior appearance.

Such doors are generally adopted for toilets, bathrooms, toilets etc. and also in those homes where the utmost care is taken of economy.

3. framed and paneled doors

framed and paneled door
framed and paneled door

This type of doors and windows are provided in most of the houses. The frame for the door is made of wood and the shutter panel is made of wood, plywood, block board, hard board, etc. Many designs can be made on the panels, making such doors quite decorative.

Panels can also be made of glass. In cases where part of the door is in wood panels and the rest is glass panels, the door is referred to as paneled and glazed.

Such doors have the flexibility of design which can look aesthetically pleasing.

Designs can be made as per the requirement and location in the house.

The door frame for this type of door can be made of wood or of metal sections like steel etc.

4. flush doors

flush door
flush door

A flush door is a completely sleek door, with a wooden frame mounted on plywood or medium density fiberboard which is comparatively light. The hollow core thus obtained is often filled with cardboard core material.

Flush doors are commonly employed in the interior of a dwelling, although with some variations they are also used as exterior doors in homes.

The frames of such doors can be made of wood, steel etc., which can hold its weight. Doors usually only hinge on one side to allow them to open in one direction.

These days flush doors are commonly provided in homes and are commonly available in the market due to the reasons of economy, attractive appearance, durability etc.

While providing these doors for toilet, shower; The interior of the door should be covered with aluminum sheets to provide water protection.

Frames of such doors/windows can be made in any traditional way.

5. glass doors

interior glass doors
interior glass doors

Glass is commonly provided for doors and windows, mostly for paneling. However, glass doors can be made for specific locations if the owner wishes. Generally such doors are installed at the rear of the house as it provides an unobstructed view of the backyard or garden.

Front doors made of glass are equally beautiful, but care must be taken to ensure both privacy and durability. Cut glass panels set in wooden frames are a consistent and beautiful option for front doors. Such doors are expensive and require good maintenance.

They are generally heavier than other doors apart from being expensive.

6. steel doors

steel doors
steel doors

Steel or other such metal constructions have been used for years because they are efficient and a strong choice for exterior and interior doors alike. These doors can be either solid or hollow.

It has been found to be a good substitute for wood and is being widely used for making frames. Frames can be made from angles, tees, channels or pressed steel plates. In the case of steel frames the holdfast and hinges are normally welded to the frame.

Normal shutters made of wood etc. can be mounted on these steel frames.

Steel frames are quite popular and are being used extensively for homes and other places as they are economical as compared to traditional wooden frames.

Shutters can also be made from mild steel (MS) sheets, welded or riveted to a frame of angle iron or channel section, properly braced.

Steel doors can also be made in cold rolled mild steel, precision engineered in high quality. They are long lasting and require minimal maintenance. They are available in beautiful colors with different wood grain textures.

These can always be used where security is of greater concern.

7. PVC Doors

PVC Doors
PVC Doors

PVC is a generic term for a product called polyvinyl chloride. It is basically a plastic material commonly used for making various products including water tanks, pipes, fittings etc for homes. The use of PVC for door manufacturing has become very popular and a large variety of it is available in the market in different colors and designs.

The advantages of using PVC doors are that they are termite proof, durable, anti-corrosive, light weight, moisture resistant, etc. They are also easy to make and install.

Although they are not suitable for entry doors because they are very light in weight, not weather proof like wood or metal doors, plus they cannot resist harsh environmental conditions.

Such doors are available in the market and can prove to be economical as compared to wooden doors.

Nowadays windows are also being made from PVC products and are available in the market.

8. fiberglass doors

fiberglass door
fiberglass door

Fiberglass is a glass that is drawn into a fibrous form and woven into fabric. It is strong, lightweight and non-flammable and has high tensile strength. Glass fibers are bonded with resin which can be used to manufacture a range of products including bathtubs, doors and windows etc.

Fiberglass is said to be one of the hardest materials with relatively low maintenance costs compared to wood and steel.

Fiberglass doors are expected to be stable because they do not warp, bow or twist. They are filled with foam and provide good insulation properties.

They can also be painted according to the design.

Doors and windows made of fiberglass can be provided with wooden panels on the surface to improve the aesthetics. Doors made of fiberglass can be used for both exterior and interior spaces. Exterior doors have designer options such as beveled glass and door stiles.

These doors are available in the market to match any architectural style.

9. fiber reinforced plastic doors

FRP Door
FRP Door

fiber reinforced plastics popularly known as FRP Fibrous is a general term related to the reinforcement of plastics with glass. Due to its high strength, it can be used for many uses including the manufacture of doors. Generally, the tensile strength is about ten times higher than that of PVC. FRP molded doors are available in the market in many colors and finishes including natural wood finishes. Standard doors have a thickness of 30/35 mm and are available with fire retardant properties.

These doors may also have two leaves of 1.5 mm thickness. The leaves are molded onto the main material that makes up the sandwich panel.

Necessary wooden supports are provided for fixing handles, locks, stoppers and other accessories. FRP doors are in good demand these days for use in modern homes.

10. aluminum doors

Aluminum is a metal that is widely used because of its light weight.

A large number of aluminum products are available in the market including doors, windows, partitions, curtain walls, etc.

Aluminum frames for doors and windows have the distinct advantage of resisting tough environmental conditions. Being lighter in weight, they transfer less load to the foundation. Aluminum frames are not affected by termites and thus are long lasting.

Doors and windows made of aluminum can be side hung or sliding and are suitable for exterior or interior spaces.

They are aesthetically pleasing and are quite economical in the long run.

aluminum doors
aluminum doors

1 1 Bamboo-Jute Composite Doors

Bamboo is one of the fastest renewable plants with a maturity cycle of 3-4 years, making it a good natural resource compared to forest hardwoods. Bamboo as a substitute for wood offers good potential for processing it into composites. Bamboo laminate can replace wood in many applications including doors and windows and their frames etc.

One of the wood product options is the jute-coir composite board which can be used for manufacturing doors. Natural hard fibers such as coir and jute can be impregnated with phenolic resins to manufacture these boards. Bamboo-Jute composite doors have the advantage of being water resistant, corrosion resistant, termite resistant, eco-friendly, bio-degradable and cost-effective.

Such doors are being manufactured by many entrepreneurs and can be easily adopted as an alternative to wooden or other types of doors in the home.

Er. Mukesh Kumar

Photo of author
Er. Mukesh Kumar is Editor in Chief and Co-Funder at ProCivilEngineer.com Civil Engineering Website. Mukesh Kumar is a Bachelor in Civil Engineering From MIT. He has work experience in Highway Construction, Bridge Construction, Railway Steel Girder work, Under box culvert construction, Retaining wall construction. He was a lecturer in a Engineering college for more than 6 years.