Flooring tiles in India have gained popularity over cemented and concrete floors over the years. Tiles are available in various patterns, designs and utility options. They are usually costlier than cement concrete floors and the cost depends on the type of tile being used.
The different types of flooring tiles used in India include:
- terrazzo tiles,
- checkered tiles
- glazed tiles
- vitrified tiles
- PVC Tiles
Presently there are many types of tiles available in the market and the home owner has chosen an option based on the type of finishing to be provided in the house, location, local availability as well as the budget for installing the flooring.
1. terrazzo tiles
Terrazzo tiles are available in the market whose size varies from 20 cm x 20 cm to 30 cm x 30 cm and the thickness varies between 2 cm to 3 cm. Such tiles can be used in living rooms, bedrooms, etc., as well as in the threads and risers of stairs.
The tiles are laid on a base concrete or RCC slab usually by providing a cement sand mortar of an average thickness of 3 cm. Before laying tiles on this mortar bed, they should be thoroughly cleaned and finally laid in the desired slope. The tiling should be done in such a way that they are laid in a straight line. The floor should be kept wet for about 7 days and finally ground and polished in the case of terrazzo floors.
It is advisable to keep some extra tiles in the house which may be needed as and when some of them need to be replaced.
2. checkered tiles
Checkered tiles are similar to terrazzo tiles, except they have grooves of about 2.5 cm in both directions. The method of laying such tiles is the same as for laying other tiles. Care must be taken to eliminate the grooves properly.
Checkered tiles can also be applied to give a different look to the walls. They are usually more expensive than plain terrazzo tiles.
3. glazed tiles
Glazed tiles with glossy finish or matte finish are available in the market. Matte finish tiles are usually provided in wet places in the house like kitchen, bath, WC or outdoor places like balconies etc. to reduce the chances of slipping.
They are usually available in white or different colors in sizes of 10cm x 10cm, 15cm x 15cm or 10cm x 20cm. Patterned tiles are also available in the market. They are laid in the same way as any other type of tile. The joints between the tiles are flush notched to give an even surface. Such tiles do not require grinding and/or polishing.
4. vitrified tiles
Vitrified tiles are increasingly being adopted for construction of floors in residential buildings. They are quite strong and can be provided with equal ease on both new surface and existing flooring. Although they give a nice look and can be cleaned easily, they are quite expensive compared to other types of tile flooring.
Vitrified tiles are available in glossy or matte finish with different designs and patterns. Sizes up to 60cm x 60cm are also available and accordingly each tile covers a larger area. The floor is rendered in the same way as other types of tiles, though care should be taken to match the pattern while laying it.
5. PVC Tiles
PVC tiles are being used for flooring in residential and non-residential buildings. They can be provided to decorate the floor.
These tiles are expensive and have better performance acoustically, although they are combustible. Although they are easy to clean and maintain.
PVC tiles are usually square shaped with sides of 30 cm, 60 cm or 90 cm. Sheets and rolls of PVC are also available to provide large flooring. These tiles are fixed on the top of the floor with the help of adhesive, specially recommended for this purpose.