concrete ramp
concrete ramp

Ramps are very important in any skyscraper. Ramps provide safe access to the building for heavy materials such as heavy machinery. In many countries the construction of ramps in a building is mandated by law-abiding bodies to provide safe and convenient access to people with disabilities as it is more convenient to carry people on a wheel chair with the help of ramps. While this offers a range of benefits as ramps are useful for strollers, wheelchairs and any moving device with wheels, it can sometimes be cumbersome and look irrelevant with building design which poses challenges to architecture. Causes.

There are different principles for building ramps, but one of the most durable for a very long period of time is a concrete ramp. Due to the hardness of concrete it provides strong cohesion that supports heavy material loads and provides a surface that controls traction and maintains grip to propel the wheels.

The role of concrete ramps is of great help when it comes to tall buildings and other skyscrapers. A concrete ramp can provide a comprehensive solution for moving heavy materials in and out of a building and creating an aid for people with disabilities to get in or out of their wheelchairs. The mechanism of building a ramp may seem very simple but it is certainly the most effective.

The manufacturing process is based on the principle of pouring concrete into a ramp-shaped mould. The mold takes the shape of a slab which is used to build the ramp. A wooden frame is built and placed over the compacted gravel. The wooden frame is filled in to the level above and then removed after drying. Pieces of plywood are used to cut an angle with the top of the frame, resulting in a slope formation.

One of the most important factors in shaping concrete is the use of a hardening mix. The correct proportion of water in concrete is very important. If the water level gets too high the concrete will fall down and make the surface uneven. It is best practice to flatten the form when filling and pouring it into the mould. This minimizes the chances of fall out and provides a uniform texture and uniformity. Leveling the concrete with the help of a float in a bottom-up direction reduces the graininess, making the concrete uneven. The amount of concrete and water in the mix may vary according to the length of the concrete. The length of the ramp is based on requirements, the longer the length of the slope, the more gently it is. Ramp which is designed for handicapped people and with non-slip, traction control feature for easy, safe and convenient movement of wheel chair.

manufacturing process

RAMP sub-base

The sub-base is the most important building block of a ramp. It supports the entire load and therefore must be strong enough to support the overall weight of the ramp. If your ramp is consuming 4 inches of compressed gravel, the appropriate ratio would be inch plywood and 2 x4 lumber. It is important that the side pieces are even and applied on an equal footing with each other.

strengthen the form

Make sure the level remains the same. If a ramp walkway meets a slab, or other structures. It is very important to separate it from a piece of wood that acts as a junction.

adequate mix of concrete

Concrete should be mixed with an appropriate amount of water. IT should not be dry or wet more than the recommended level. Fill the form in the mold and spread the mixture evenly with the help of a float. Settle the concrete with the help of a shovel to avoid any fall.

a gentle rounding of the edges

The best looking ramp is the one that has smooth edges. Smooth and sweep the edges of the ramp with an edger to make it slippery. Let it cure for at least a week to make the ramp strong damp, the wood form can be removed after 4 days.

some important factors


Slope is the backbone of any ramp. The ramp can be reached only with the help of a slope. The optimum ratio of the slope with the ground should be 1:20; This representation suggests that the slope should be inclined one inch for every twenty inches of flat surface in order to provide maximum comfort.


The length of the ramp should be long enough to provide gentle movement and the width should be sufficient to accommodate easily moving objects. The minimum width for a small ramp is 36 inches with inside handrails. The optimum width for a ramp is 48 inches.


An ideal ramp should have the same ramp inclination on both sides. Every opening and closing door of the ramp should also have a landing. These landings are of great importance for maintaining balance when opening doors and manipulating materials.


Railings provide a safety barrier to the user of the ramp when it comes to support and protection. In addition it serves as a balancing aid and provides the means of propulsion for manual wheel chairs. Handrails should be smooth and continuous for maximum support. Railings should be provided on either side of the ramp for the convenience of multiple users at a time.

edge finishing

It is very important to finish the edges of the ramp. Shore protection is also commonly known as crutch stop which allows the protection of people from ramps. The optimum edge protection of the ramp should be a minimum of four inches.

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Jason Root.

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Er. Mukesh Kumar

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Er. Mukesh Kumar is Editor in Chief and Co-Funder at Civil Engineering Website. Mukesh Kumar is a Bachelor in Civil Engineering From MIT. He has work experience in Highway Construction, Bridge Construction, Railway Steel Girder work, Under box culvert construction, Retaining wall construction. He was a lecturer in a Engineering college for more than 6 years.