Table of Contents

**Target**

To determine the amount of concrete per bag of cement, where the nominal maximum size of the aggregate does not exceed 38 mm.

**Device**

Balance – 0.01 kg. sensitive to

Tamping bar – length 38 cm, weight 1.8 kg

Cylindrical Mold – Dia=250mm, Height=280mm, Capacity=0.01m^{3}

**Process**

**Step-1 (Measuring the Volume of the Cylinder)**

- Fill the cylindrical mold with water at room temperature so that no meniscus is present above the rim.
- Weigh the water required to fill the cylinder.
- Divide the weight of the water required to fill the mold by the unit weight of water, i.e. 1000 g/L. This will give the capacity (ie volume) of the mold. let it be “V”
_{1}“M. in^{3},

**Step-2 (Calculation of Density of Compacted Concrete)**

- Fill the fresh concrete into the mold in layers about 5 cm deep and compact each layer by giving 60 strokes of the tamping bar, distributing it evenly over the cross-section of the mold.
- Tap the outer surface of the cylinder 10 to 15 times so that no air bubble is visible on the surface of the compressed layer.
- After compacting the concrete, use a flat cover plate to fill the mold to an even level.
- Wipe off all excess concrete from the outside surface and weigh down the mold with compacted concrete. Find the weight of the concrete by subtracting the weight of the mold from the total weight. W it. let be
_{1}, - Calculate the weight per cubic meter of concrete (ie the density of concrete) by dividing the weight of the fully compacted concrete in the mold by the measuring capacity (ie W).
_{1}/v_{1},

Weight per cubic meter of concrete, W = W_{1}/v_{1}

Where,

W = weight of concrete per cubic meter (ie density of concrete), kg / m. In^{3}

woo_{1} = Weight of fully condensed concrete, in kg.

v_{1} = volume of the cylindrical mould, m . In^{3},

**Step-3 (Calculation of Concrete Quantity Per Batch)**

Use the following formula to calculate the amount of concrete per batch

**V = [(N*50) + W _{f} + W_{c} + W_{w}] / woo**

Where,

V = Volume M. In^{3} of concrete produced per batch

N = Number of 50 kg bags of cement per batch

woo_{F} = the total weight of the total weight per batch in used condition.

woo_{C} = Total weight in kilograms of coarse aggregate per batch in used condition

woo_{woo} = total weight in kg of water of the mixture mixed in the batch

W = Density of concrete kg/m. In^{3} (as calculated in step-2)

**Step-4 (Calculation of Amount of Concrete Produced Per Cement Bag)**

The amount of concrete produced per sack of cement or yield per sack of cement is calculated using the following formula.

**= V / N**

Where,

= yield of concrete per 50 kg bag of cement (in m)^{3},

V = Amount of concrete produced per batch (in m.)^{3},

N = Number of 50 kg bags of cement per batch

**pay attention**

In the above calculation, 1 bag of cement is considered to be 50 kg. But if you are using a cement bag of a different weight, replace the number 50 in the formula (as shown in step-3) with the weight of the cement bag you are using.

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