HOW TO STORE COMMON CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ON SITE?

On-site stacking and storage of bricks

Stack the bricks near the work site so that less effort is required to reload and transport the bricks by loading them in pallets or barrows.


Different types of bricks (like clay bricks, clay fly ash bricks etc.) will be stacked separately.

Bricks of different strengths and sizes (ie modular and non-modular) should be stacked separately.

Different types of bricks like solid bricks, hollow bricks and perforated bricks should be stacked separately.

While stacking bricks, the following guidelines should be followed for easy quality inspection and counting.

  • Stack the bricks on dry paved ground.
  • The pile should not exceed 50 bricks long, 10 bricks high and 4 bricks in width.
  • The apparent distance between adjacent piles should not be less than 0.8 m.
  • Place each truckload of bricks in a stack.

Steel must be stored in such a way as to avoid deformation and prevent degradation and corrosion. Steel of different classes should be stored separately. Follow the guidelines below when storing steel on site.

steel reinforcement storage

  • To facilitate such size and length issues store the bars of different sections, sizes and lengths separately so as to reduce wastage in cutting from standard lengths.
  • Paint the ends of each square’s bars in different colors.
  • Coat steel reinforcement with cement wash before stacking to prevent scaling and corrosion.
  • If the reinforcement bars are to be stored for a long period, stack it at least 150 mm above ground level.

structural steel storage

  • Set aside separate areas for the storage of structural steel of different sections, sizes and lengths.
  • Store it on platforms, skids or any other suitable support at least 150 mm above ground level to avoid deformation of the sections.
  • In coastal areas or in case of long storage, apply a protective coating of primer to prevent scaling and corrosion.

Storage of Cement on Site – Guidelines

  • Store cement in a building that is dry, leak proof and as moisture proof as possible.
  • The number of windows in the storage building should be minimum.
  • Stack the cement bags on the wooden planks from the floor in such a way that it is about 150mm to 200mm above the floor.
  • Flooring may consist of two layers of dry bricks laid on lean cement concrete or well-consolidated soil.
  • Maintain an all-round 600 mm of space between the outer walls and the pile. (see picture below)
arrangement in cement warehouse
arrangement in cement warehouse
  • Stack the cement bags close to each other to reduce air circulation.
  • The stack height should not exceed 10 bags to prevent the possibility of lumping under pressure.
  • Stack width should not exceed four bags in length or 3 meters.
  • In piles higher than 8 bags, cement sacks should be arranged alternately length-wise and cross-wise, to tie the piles together and reduce the risk of falling over.
  • Stack the cement bags in such a way that they are easy to remove and use in the order in which they are received.
  • To know the age of cement, put a label on each pile of cement bags indicating the date of receipt of cement.
  • When cement needs to be stored for a long time or during monsoon; Close the stack completely with a water proofing membrane such as polyethylene.
  • Different types of cement should be stacked and stored separately.

storage of aggregate on site

  • Store aggregates on site on hard dry and flat patches of ground
  • If such a surface is not available, prepare a platform of planks or old corrugated iron sheets, or a brick floor, or a thin layer of lean concrete to prevent contamination from soil, dust, vegetable and other foreign matter.
  • Maintain a sufficient distance between the pile of finer and coarser aggregate to prevent material from mixing at the sides of the pile.
  • If possible, build dividing walls to give each type of aggregate its own compartment.
  • Stack the fine aggregate in a place where damage from wind impact is minimal.
  • The stacking of aggregates should be done in regular heaps. The suggested sizes for heaps are as follows.
material Pile Size (in metres)
Length Width height
Souling Stone 5 2 0.5
5 1 0.5
coarse aggregate 2 2 0.5
5 5 1
5 1 0.5
fine aggregate 2 2 0.5
5 5 1
5 1 0.5

Timber storage on site

  • Store lumber in piles on well-treated and even front beam sleepers or brick pillars at least 150 mm above ground level.
  • Store members of different length and content separately.
  • Materials of equal length are stacked together in layers with wooden battens, called crossers, separating one layer from the other.
  • If crossers are not available, small chunks of available structural lumber can be used in their place.
  • Provide about 25 mm of air space between adjacent members.
  • Place the longer pieces in the bottom layer and the shorter pieces in the top layer, but keep one end of the stack in the correct vertical alignment.
  • Suitable width and height of stack is recommended to be around 1.5m to 2.0m.
  • The distance between adjacent piles is recommended to be at least 450 mm. (see picture shown below).
  • Protect the pile from hot dry winds, direct sunlight and rain.
  • It is recommended to place a heavy weight, such as a metal rail or large piece of wood, on top of the pile to prevent warping or warping of the wood in the pile.
  • If it is necessary to store the wood for about a year or more, coat the ends of all the members with coal tar, aluminum leaf paints, micro crystalline wax; To prevent end cracks in the material.

Concrete blocks are available in various forms to be used as building materials, such as

  • solid concrete block
  • hollow concrete block
  • concrete and hollow light weight concrete block
  • autoclave aerated concrete block
  • concrete stone masonry block

Guidelines to follow when storing blocks on the site

When storing these concrete blocks on site, the following guidelines should be followed.

  1. Do not dump concrete blocks on site.
  2. Place the blocks near the work site so that their transportation requires the least effort.
  3. Take off one block at a time and stack it in regular levels to minimize wear and tear.
  4. The height of the pile should not exceed 1.2 m. The length of the pile should not exceed 3 m. And the stack width should not exceed 2 to 3 blocks.
  5. If blocks are cured for less than 28 days, stack these blocks separately.

pay attention: Normally all blocks should be water cured for 10 to 14 days and air cured for 15 days; Thus any block treated for less than 28 days is not used in building construction.

  1. If the blocks are manufactured at site, mention the date of manufacture of the blocks on the stack of blocks.

Er. Mukesh Kumar

Photo of author
Er. Mukesh Kumar is Editor in Chief and Co-Funder at ProCivilEngineer.com Civil Engineering Website. Mukesh Kumar is a Bachelor in Civil Engineering From MIT. He has work experience in Highway Construction, Bridge Construction, Railway Steel Girder work, Under box culvert construction, Retaining wall construction. He was a lecturer in a Engineering college for more than 6 years.