UNIT WEIGHT OF COMMON CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

The table below gives the unit weight or dead weight of some common building materials that are used by the designer when calculating load related calculations.

1. bituminous material

Item Weight (kg/m)3,
anthracite coal 1550
peat (dry) 560 to 640
Charcoal (light) 300
Coke 1000
lead 500
crude oil 880
voice fluctuation 1010
coal tar 1010

2. excavation material

Item Weight (kg/m)3,
Soil (dry, compact) 1440
Soil (moist, compact) 1760
earth (dry) 1410 to 1840
earth (moist) 1600 to 2000
sand (dry) 1540 to 1600
sand (wet) 1760 to 2000

3. Liquid substance

Item Weight (kg/m)3,
Liquor 780
petrol 670
Ice 910
nitric acid 91 percent 1510
sulfuric acid 87 percent 1790
Vegetable oil 930
water (fresh) 1000

4. Construction material

Item Weight (kg/m)3,
bricks 1600 to 1920
Cement (Ordinary) 1440
chalk 2240
glass 2400 to 2720
Limestone 2400 to 2640
sandstone 2250 to 2400
steel 7850
wood 650 to 720

5. Structural Items, Roofing, Finish etc.

Item Weight (kg/m)3,
asbestos cement sheet 12 to 15.6
brick masonry 1920
brick wall, 100 mm thick 192
brick wall, 200 mm thick 384
brick wall, 300 mm thick 576
Cement plaster, 25 mm thick 25
concrete, plain 2300
concrete, reinforced 2400
Galvanized Iron Steel, 0.56mm Thick 5
Galvanized Iron Steel, 1.63mm Thick 13
mangalore tiles with batten 65
dry rubble masonry 2080


Er. Mukesh Kumar

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Er. Mukesh Kumar is Editor in Chief and Co-Funder at ProCivilEngineer.com Civil Engineering Website. Mukesh Kumar is a Bachelor in Civil Engineering From MIT. He has work experience in Highway Construction, Bridge Construction, Railway Steel Girder work, Under box culvert construction, Retaining wall construction. He was a lecturer in a Engineering college for more than 6 years.