Materials Used in Construction – List of 72 Basic items

Materials Used in Construction or Building material is anything used for construction purpose of any Structure that can is Residential House, Commercial Buildings or DAM, Bridges etc.

In this article, you can find the List Of Building Materials With Pictures. The Most well-known Materials Used in Construction are Water, Bricks, Steels, timber, wood, cement, aggregates, metals, concrete, clay etc. Here is the Picture for material used in building construction.

Do You know, materials used in the construction of a road or the materials used in the construction of walls is different? Read about List Of Building Materials With Pictures in Detail.

Read 8 Essential Construction and Building Materials in India before you start this article. In this list, You can find the material used in the construction of a building.

Materials Used in Construction

There are Hundreds of Building materials but at first, we will discuss only 5 Most Common Building Materials. List Of Building Materials With Pictures is Provided to Understand the Concept and Actual View of Product or Material.

#1 Wood

This building material has been used for thousands of years. From the structural support to the foundation, wood has a rich and vibrant history when it comes to construction and architect. Wood is one of the most natural materials available not to mention one that can be cost-efficient. While some might think as not a strong building material, it is strong and durable. It is a building material that is flexible in all senses – from having it bent and cured, wood can be moulded to suit a building structure and shape.

What makes wood a choice and common material – other than its longevity in the industry, it is a highly environmentally sustainable material that is aesthetically appealing. It can be used in both commercial and residential buildings and can be complemented with other materials as well. Whether it is steel, marble or aluminium, woodworks well with other materials if not aesthetically but also functionally. Use wood for a frame, complement it with an access panel – whether it be an HVAC, soundproof or a valve box, whatever the need or purpose, wood can be easily accompanied and enhanced in functionality.

#2 Steel

To date, steel is one of the most commonly used materials in construction, from the skeleton of a building to the actual materials found within. Security access panels are also made of steel and can be commonly found in commercial and industrial spaces. Steel offers many advantages, for one it can bend or be manipulated without risking its strength and durability. In areas that experience extreme winds or are prone to earthquakes, steel structures are able to withstand the shaking through its durability and in a way it’s plasticity.

One downfall of steel as a building material or indeed any material is that it is highly susceptible to breaking down in extreme heat. It is not fire resistant and depending on the level of the steel, at a certain temperature of heat, it begins to lose its strength and durability and can collapse or break.

#3 Concrete

Concrete, or as it is better known to contractors and builders, reinforced concrete is composed of steel making it very strong. Typically used in the structure and foundation of a building – once it has been applied, it will take multiple hours before it has settled and hardened. When it comes to concrete, similar to many building materials like access panels, windows, and paints, concrete comes in various types. From high performance to lightweight concrete and water-resistant, a contractor will know which is the ideal concrete to use and recommend on a project.

#4 Glass

To one who is inexperienced in construction might think that glass merely is meant to be used for windows; however, glass is a building material that is both versatile and underrated. One of the most common types of glass used was obsidian for its aesthetic appeal and strength. Considered a luxury in the construction industry as it requires both skill and resources to create it.

In construction, glass can be used as a means of facades from windows to walls and beams and floors – which would require exceptional strength and durability. When it comes to the properties of this unique building material, some traits include transparency, strength, and workability. Just as many materials in construction come with various purposes and types, glass also comes in different forms and materials.

#5 Stone

Aesthetically appealing, the stone is a common material choice for flooring and walls. The texture of stone makes it versatile, from a smooth finish to a textured one- stone can also come in many different colours. Some examples of stone used in construction include granite, marble, and sandstone.

Depending on the purpose and use of the stone, it is a highly expensive choice of material. When it comes to marble countertops, the quality, colour, and its make can increase cost and the time to create it.

Types of Materials Used in Civil Engineering | List Of Building Materials With Pictures



Materials used in Construction of Statue of Unity -: The core of the statue utilised 210,000 cubic metres (7,400,000 cu ft) of cement concrete, 6500 tonnes of structural steel, and 18500 tonnes of reinforced steel. The outer façade is made up of 1700 tonnes of bronze plates and 1850 tonnes of bronze cladding which in turn comprise 565 macro and 6000 micro panels. The bronze panels were cast in Jiangxi Tongqing Metal Handicrafts Co. Ltd (the TQ Art foundry) in China as suitable facilities were unavailable in India. The bronze panels were transported over sea and then by road to the workshop near the construction site where they were assembled.

About the Author
Er. Mukesh Kumar
Er. Mukesh Kumar is Editor in Chief and Co-Fonder at Civil Engineering Website. Mukesh Kumar is a Bachelor in Civil Engineering From MIT. He has work experience in Highway Construction, Bridge Construction, Railway Steel Girder work, Under box culvert construction, Retaining wall construction. He was a lecturer in a Engineering college for more than 6 years.